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New Champion Jeffrey Pine Identified In Trinity National Forest

I took advantage of series of warm rains that temporarily opened up the Stuart Fork trail all the way to Morris Meadows. At about the 9 mile mark on the right hand side of the trail is the largest jeffrey pine I have ever seen in Trinity County. The approximate dimensions of the tree are as follows:
Dbh - 8.0 feet, 
Height - 207 feet, 
Volume - 4,167. 
I calculated the main trunk at 3,575 cubic feet and the large iteration at 598 cubic feet. Even omitting the large iteration at 4 feet off the ground, the single stem portion is 7.5 in diameter and still 6' thick at 50' off the ground making this tree the only true giant jeffrey known in all of Trinity National Forest. The largest jeffry pines I have seen or heard about before in the Trinity National Forest (this included the Trinity Alps Wilderness) is 6.0 feet dbh. This is a fairly well traveled area so I am surprised this Jeffrey has not yet been nominated as AFA champion after the Eureka Valley Giant died.

Pictures of Morris Meadows On 12-17-2020 Right before the blizzard struck and another much better picture from Michael Kauffman 2005


New Pictures Of Hyperion

As you can see by the pictures, Hyperion is a large, single stem redwood. Its diameter at 4.5 ft (1.37 m) above the high side of ground level is a little over 15 ft (4.57 m). It grows on a moderate slope. I viewed Hyperion's top from a nearby hill and I happily report it is growing and vigorous looking. This cloud scraper is right on the verge of hitting 380 ft (115.6 m). The top of Hyperion is so high in the sky that it's like looking up at a radio tower. One could conceivably base jump from this tree and survive. The 379.5 ft (115.56) figure is based on the average ground level. Hyperion's stem length to low side is about 386 ft (117m). steve Sillett will likely measure this tree in late September. I will report the latest height figure for Hyperion as soon as I get word of it.

Pictures of Hyperion from 7-10-2020. The top is alive and growing


Ada Tree loses its title as largest tree of mainland Australia

Brett Mifsud has climbed Ada Tree and also has estimated its volume to be at least 201 cubic meters. Since this tree is not round, volume calculations were challenging. However it is clear that the ADA Tree is not quite as large as Black Beard after adjusting for its elitpical trunk with large flanges. Direct climbing and measuring proved to be futile with this tree because large void areas were present under the tape wraps due to flange structures. Relaskop calculations of maximum and minimum trunk thickness were needed for volume computations. The flanges were essentially omitted from the calculations but they have almost volume anyways. Generally speaking, a direct tape wrap is the prefered and most accurate way to measure a tree's volume. The volume of Ada Tree is at a minumum, 201 cubic meters

Brett standing Under Ada Tree in 2003

Volume Chart by Brett Mifsud For ADA Tree with adjusted figures to compensate for eliptical trunk


LIDAR Update: Remote Areas Of State & National Parks Surveyed For Tallest Trees

Since the last update, surveyors working for Save the Redwoods League have identified and measured more LIDAR "Hitlist" redwoods this Summer. In many cases, "hitlist" trees were previously undiscovered and thus only have a code name. To date, all trees identified by LIDAR as being over 106m have only been coast redwoods. No douglas fir or sitka spruce on the "hitlist" so far. Measurements followed by "~" indicate a preliminary measurement. T51 above the slopes of Redwood Creek and TT6 way up in Devils Creek are both giant trees over 20,000 cubic feet of wood with 15'+ diameter slow tapering trunks.

Redwood National Park:

T11			109.60 m (359.58 ft)	New Measurement
T22			109.49 m (359.22 ft)	New Measurement
T18			109.08 m (357.87 ft)	New Measurement
T31			108.85 m (357.12 ft)	New Measurement
S1			108.55 m (356.14 ft)	New Measurement
T20			108.26 m (355.14 ft)	New Measurement
T51			107.38 m (352.29 ft)	New Measurement
T39			107.15 m (351.54 ft)	New Measurement
T25			106.59 m (349.70 ft)~	New Measurement
T55			106.49 m (349.37 ft)	New Measurement	
T42			106.20 m (348.42 ft)	New Measurement
TT14			106.10 m (348.09 ft)	New Measurement
S2			106.10 m (348.09 ft)	New Measurement
T3			105.92 m (347.50 ft) 	New Measurement
T47			105.92 m (347.50 ft)	New Measurement
T61			105.65 m (346.62 ft)	New Measurement
T17			105.00 m (344.48 ft)~	New Measurement
T32			105.00 m (344.48 ft)~	New Measurement
TT6			103.96 m (341.07 ft)	New Measurement
T33			103.70 m (340.22 ft)~	New Measurement
T54			103.50 m (339.56 ft)	New Measurement

Prairie CreeK Redwoods State Park:
TT8			108.99 m (357.57 ft)	New Window
TT11			108.48 m (355.90 ft)	New Window
GCG			107.61 m (353.05 ft)	New Window
Hairpin			107.05 m (351.21 ft)	New Window

Humboldt Redwoods State Park:

Millennium		111.79 m (366.77 ft)	+ .36 Since Fall 2007, Original top died back
South Fork		110.52 m (362.60 ft)	+ .13 since Fall 2007
Mesa			109.97 m (360.79 ft)	New Window
Springing Buck		109.81 m (360.26 ft)	Dead Top, New Window
Frank Atkins		109.76 m (360.10 ft)	+ .39 since Fall 2007
Rifle			109.29 m (358.56 ft)	New Window
Floodmark		109.10 m (357.93 ft)	+ .06 since Fall 2007
Valeria			108.27 m (355.22 ft)	+. 60 Since Fall 2007
Shamrock		108.15 m (354.82 ft)	Unchanged since Fall 2007
Yellow Vine		108.03 m (354.43 ft)	+ .13 Since Fall 2007
UT7			107.94 m (354.13 ft)	New Measurement
Meanderfall		107.80 m (353.67 ft)	+ .28 since Fall 2007
Obsidian		107.67 m (353.24 ft)	+ .10 since Fall 2007
Cottage			107.58 m (352.95 ft)	- .02 Since Fall 2007
Carrie Saltz		107.41 m (352.39 ft)	+. 09 since Fall 2007
Thor Spire		107.35 m (352.19 ft)	New Window
UT39			107.17 m (351.60 ft)	New Measurement
F21			107.10 m (351.38 ft)	+ .60 since Fall 2007
Boundary		107.02 m (351.12 ft)	+ .02 since Fall 2007
Mosque			106.98 m (350.98 ft)	+ .08 since Fall 2007
Evelyn Ferm		106.80 m (350.39 ft)	+ .33 since Fall 2007
UT34			106.59 m (349.70 ft)	New Measurement


Largest Eucalypt Of Mainland Australia Identified

Brett Mifsud has found another record setting eucalytpus, dubbed, "Black Beard", a eucalyptus regnans. It was climbed on May 16 by Brett and friend Grant Harris. Its volume was measured with both tape wrap (most accurate way to measure a tree's volume) and relaskop. The relaskop vs. direct measurements agreed closely. It's volume is 258 cubic meters or about 9100 cubic feet, making it the largest known tree in Australia outside Tasmania. The largest known tree of Australia, Rullah Longantyle, grows on the island of Tasmania. Surprisingly it is a eucalyptus globulus instead of a eucalytpus regnans, which has been widely regarded as both the largest and tallest eucalypt. The height record for e. globulus is 298 feet, also in Tasmania. The tallest known e. globulus outside of Australia is 75m (247 ft) on Santa Cruz Island, Santa Barbara California.

Volume Chart For Blackbeard with most accurate measurement being direct tape wraps. Below chart are trunk and upper crown photographs by Brett Mifsud


New Tallest Mid-Elevation Douglas Fir Identified In Trinity County

While using GoogleEarth to survey the Clark's Creek basin of the Shasta/Trinity National Forest, I noticed a pair of douglas fir trees (near the junction of Eltapom Creek) with crowns that had a "stretched-out" appearance. The oblique angle of this set of GoogleEarth images creates the effect where the tallest trees stand out with their crowns having a longer and more stretched out appearance than their peers. If using a set of aerial images that was taken from straight above, the tallest trees do not stand out, however they will cast longer shadows than their peers and this will often be observable in these images. On GoogleEarth, sugar pines appear silvery, ponderosa bright yellow-green, jeffrey blue green and douglas fir dark green. Incense cedar will appear as a bright lime-green.

Using a Garmin CX60 GPS, I located these two tall trees, dougas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) and measured their heights. Even before I pulled out my laser I knew they would be taller than any other trees I ever measured in the Shasta/Trinity National Forest. The largest of the pair is about 7' dbh and 263' (80.2 m) high, with a multi-leader dead top. It has a chinquapin growing from near its base (see picture). The other tall douglas fir is about 6' dbh, with an austere live top. I measured it with Impulse 200LR at 267' (81.38m) tall. These trees are remnants of a once great forest of douglas fir, sugar and ponderosa pine that was growing in this deep, well watered basin. This valley was cleared out by loggers and miners between 1880 and 1980. Hymapom loggers from the late 1970's report a giant sized ponderosa over 270' feet tall also grew here. It was measured after it being cut and determinted to be the tallest ever recorded. A monster ponderosa pine nearly 9' diameter and 5,000 cubic feet in volume grew on a bench very close to these tall firs, but it fell over recently. Despite being highly fragmented, the forests of the Clark's Creek basin are some of the finest mid-elevation coniferous forest of California's intermediate ranges.

At 263' (80.2 m) and 267' (81.38 m) respectively, these two pacific douglas fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) are the tallest mid-elevation-dry climate douglas fir known to exist. The former tallest mid-elevation douglas fir grows in the Sierra Nevada, a 262' tall, 9' dbh monster near Hodgeson Meadow, Yosemite. For douglas fir, the tallest and largest grow near the ocean, where the marine layer keeps the air cool, moist and moderate. As ones travels inland, they will notice that douglas fir height and size decreases dramatically and pine trees become more prevalent. However, when you travel into the mid-elevation regions of Northern California & Southern Orgeon, i.e. roughly defined as the zone 3000'-6000' feet above sea level, the thinner air becomes cooler and drier, thus allowing greater size for both ponderosa/sugar pine and douglas fir. When one travels above the mid-elevation ranges, the conifer size and height starts to decrease again. In the mid-elevation ranges of Klamath, Shata, Trininty and also the entire Sierra range, the conditions are quite good for big douglas fir, especially in wet meadows or creek basins. In both the Sierra Nevada and Klamath/Shasta/Trinity intermediate ranges, the douglas fir has been known to grow to over 10' in diameter at breast height and reach 60% the size of the largest coastal douglas fir giants. These two douglas fir are the first 80+ meter trees identified in the mid-elevation zone that makes up most of the intermediate coast ranges of Siskyou, Trinity, Mendocino, Shasta, Glenn, Tehama and Lake counties. The Sierra Nevada range has even greater area of mid-elevation conifer forest and considerably more water than the intermediate ranges too. A 267', 9' dbh sugar pine can be found near Hodgeson Meadow in Yosemite National Park, but this tree recently died. As for maximum height potential for a mid-elevation douglas fir I would say perhaps a 300' class tree could exist there. Given the right conditions, I see no reason to believe it is not possible for such a tall douglas fir or possibly even a sugar pine to exist in the Sierra Nevada, especially if it grew undisturbed by fire in a well protected and wet basin with good soil.

Image to left is 263' (80m) douglas fir near the junction of Clark's Creek & Eltapom Creek. Image to right is a GoogleEarth screen capture showing crowns of the tall douglas fir trees


New Tall Redwood Re-Measurements

Chris Atkins reports the following redwoods were re-measured in the last few days from two locations, Humboldt Redwoods and Montgomery Woods SP. The chart below also includes amount of growth since last measurement.

Paul Zinke		111.26 m (365.02 ft)	- .04 m since Fall 2007
Riverview		109.22 m (358.33 ft)	+1.62 m since Fall 2005
Cornstalk		108.92 m (357.34 ft)	- .05 m since Fall 2007
UT6			107.94 m (354.13 ft)	    New Measurement
UT7			107.17 m (351.60 ft)	    New Measurement
Creekview		107.01 m (351.08 ft)	+ .45 m since Fall 2007

Quadraspire		109.41 m (358.95 ft)	New Window. Top Leader Missed Before
Wishbone			108.91 m (357.31 ft) 	+  .11 m since  Fall 2007
Palisade			107.46 m (352.55 ft)	+  .02 m since  Fall 2007
Creekside Cavern		108.07 m (354.56 ft)	+  .12 m since  Fall 2007
Tempest			107.78 m (353.60 ft)	Unchanged since Fall 2007
M-21			106.60 m (349.73 ft)	-  .02 m since  Fall 2008

UT6 and UT7 are redwoods found by LIDAR. Chris finally had the time to measure them accurately. The same general 200' radius has 7 trees over 350'. This particular section of Patriartch Forest is some of the densest old-growth redwood forest I have ever seen.


New Champions From Tasmania To Report

Brett Mifsud, Tom Greenwood and friend Shane recently went on a 4 day expedition in early April to Tasmania in search of big trees and to re-measure some previously discovered giants. The most noteworthy trees found were two super giants. One a musk tree, Oleria Argophylla and another a Eucalyptus delegatensis. Any record sized tree or Eucalyptus of any species over 280 cubic meters or 85m in height is to be spared from logging as per Forestry Tasmania's logging policies. The volume chart below lists the most noteworthy trees found in the recent 4 day Tasmania expedition. Trees highlighted in blue meet the criteria for saving by Forestry Tasmania. "Modeled" volumes are from actual tape wraps of tree trunk. "Calculated volume is using a reloskop to determine trunk diameters at various height intervals. "Estimated" is a visual esimate compared to trees of known size and lower trunk diameters using a tapeline. Diameter units are in centimeters while volumes are in cubic meters. All trees assumed to be Eucalyptus Regnans, unless otherwise noted. Brett, Shane and Tom are quite litterally stopping the eventual destruction of these giants for pulping. Their efforts should be rewarded and noted. These trees will be nominated on the Australian big tree website.


Testimony from old time Fieldbrook logger, "Skip" Johnson about Lindsey Creek Tree.

Frank Callahan (see Callahan Seeds) interviewed an old Fieldbrook logger, Skip Johnson in 1971, who testified he witnessed the "Lindsey Creek Tree" after it was lying on the ground. He reports it was the tallest tree in Fieldbrook and it grew along Lindsey Creek. He states family member measured diameter at 19' @ 130' off the ground, 9.5' at 260' off the ground and the total height slightly exceeded 390'. No mention is given to the breast height diameter, but a figure of 38' seems reasonable based on 1) merchantable timber estimate of 535,000 cubic feet, 2) the fact the tree was too large to cut, circa 1901 logging technology, 3)Frank Callahan points out this would form a nearly perfect cone if the total height is 390' and diameter of 9.5' at 260' and 19' at 130' is considered (although redwoods do not necessarily have a conical trunk profile). Given the well protected and nearly perfect location of Lindsey Creek in the Fieldbrook Valley, the 390' height figure is certainly believable. It should be noted however that this report of great height for the Lindsey Creek Tree is hersay and not any type of proof.

There is no doubt this tree existed. The newspaper article from the Humboldt Times Standards encourages curious people to check out the fallen giant before it was to be processed for the mill. The fallen tree was to be photographed as well, according to the article. To date, no known photograph or trunk remnant exists. Presumably the fallen behemoth trunk was split apart with wedges and possibly even dynamited.


New Tall Redwood Re-Measurements

Chris Atkins reports the following redwoods were re-measured in the last few days. The chart below also includes growth rate & last measurement.

Rockefeller		112.60 m (369.4 ft)	New Window. Highest central leader missed before.
Millennium		111.79 m (366.7 ft)	Original Top Died. New Leader
Valeria			108.27 m (355.2 ft)	+  .60 m since Fall 2007
Cottage			107.58 m (352.9 ft)	-  .02 m since Fall 2007
Obsidian			107.67 m (353.2 ft)	+  .10 m since Fall 2007
Carry Saltz		107.41 m (352.4 ft)	+  .09 m since Fall 2007
Shamrock			108.15 m (354.8 ft)	Top Now Dead
F-21			107.12 m (352.4 ft)	+  .60 m since Fall 2007
Frank Atkins		109.76 m (360.1 ft)	+  .39 m since Fall 2007
Springing Buck		109.81 m (360.3 ft) 	Dead Top
Meanderfall		107.80 m (353.7 ft)	+  .28 m since  Fall 2007
Evelyn Ferm		106.80 m (350.4 ft)	+  .33 m since Fall 2007
Scarecrow		106.81 m (350.4 ft)	+  .07 m since Fall 2008
Yellow Vine		108.03 m (354.4 ft)	+  .13 since Fall 2007
Boundary			107.10 m (351.4 ft)	+  .02 m since Fall 2007
Mosque			106.98 m (351.0 ft)	+  .08 m since Fall 2007
Floodmark		109.10 m (357.9 ft)	+  .06 m since Fall 2007
South Fork		110.52 m (362.6 ft)	+  .13 m since Fall 2007

The Rockefeller Tree, AKA Tallest Tree, AKA Partain Tree is considerably taller than the posted sign from the 1950s states. The highest leader in the center of the tree can only be seen from very far away. This tree has proved to be one of the most difficult to measure over the years. It appears that Chris Atkins has finally conquered this beast. It will be interesting to see what Steve Sillett gets with his direct measurement technique. The Frank Atkins Tree, named after Chris's Grandfather, has been on a steady growth pace since first measured in the year 2000. Height and date measured for the Frank Atkins tree are as follows: 3/2000 108.12 m, 3/2002 108.23 m, 4/2004 108.77 m, 12/2005 108.99 m, 12/2007 109.37 m, 3/8/2010 109.76 m. This tree has grown 1.64 m (5.38 ft) in 10 years


Here is the only known photograph of Crannell Giant, a coast redwood that was larger than General Sherman

Below is the only known picture of Crannell Giant (Robert Van Pelt also found this picture a long time ago in a Hammond Lumber advertisement without description of tree), a coast redwood larger than General Sherman. Despite the trunk only being a little over 20' diameter at breast height, this tree's trunk was very columnar, such that it was still over 14' thick at 234' above the ground. Also included is a letter of authentication from Emanuel Fritz stating Captain Elam as a qualified surveyor. Fritz is believed to be in the photograph according to the BLM curators. According to Mario Vaden's research, the man in the center of the photograph is probably Fritz. Even with distortion, this redwood did indeed have a slow taper. No giant 20'+ dbh redwood alive today has this type of profile. A complete write-up will be posted in a future newsletter.

Captain Elam Tree, AKA Maple Creek Tree, AKA Crannell Giant with Emanuel Fritz probably the man in the center. Click picture for larger view.


New Tall Redwood Re-Measurements

Chris Atkins reports the following redwoods were re-measured in the last few days. The chart below also includes growth rate & last measurement.

Pipe Dream		111.89 m (367.1 ft)	+  .18 m since Fall 2007
Minaret			111.88 m (367.1 ft)	+  .30 m since Fall 2007
Randy Stoltmann		111.28 m (365.1 ft)	+  .14 m since Fall 2007
Valentine		111.11 m (364.5 ft)	+  .46 m since Fall 2007
Harriett Weaver		111.10 m (364.5 ft)	+  .41 m since Fall 2007
Pinnacle			110.97 m (364.1 ft)	+  .23 m since Fall 2007
Rocket Top		110.91 m (363.9 ft)	+  .14 m since Fall 2007
Gray Poison		110.37 m (362.1 ft)	+  .51 m since Fall 2007
Rosebark			110.14 m (361.4 ft)		New Window
Brutus			109.99 m (360.8 ft)	+  .24 m since  Fall 2007
Pinner			109.36 m (358.8 ft)	+  .15 m since Fall 2007
Scar Base		109.28 m (358.5 ft)	+  .17 m since Fall 2007
Matole Beast		109.27 m (358.5 ft)	 Unchanged Since Fall 2007
Matterhorn		109.20 m (358.3 ft)	+  .73 m since Fall 2007
Bamboozle		109.01 m (357.6 ft)	+  .08 m since Fall 2007
Radford Stovepipe	108.98 m (357.5 ft)	+  .25 m since Fall 2007
Dr. AC Carder		108.91 m (357.3 ft)	+  .09 m since Fall 2007
Candlestick		108.89 m (357.2 ft)	-  .01 m since Fall 2007
Graben			108.86 m (357.1 ft)	+  .21 m since Fall 2007
LIDAR#8			108.53 m (356.1 ft)	+  .29 m since Fall 2008
Tosca			108.34 m (355.4 ft)	  	New Window
David Elkins		107.99 m (354.3 ft)	+  .66 m since Fall 2007
Wounded Knee		107.98 m (354.2 ft)	+  .17 m since Fall 2007
Cinder Cone		107.87 m (353.9 ft)	+  .35 m since Fall 2007
Crescendo		107.84 m (353.8 ft)	+  .03 m since Fall 2007
LIDAR#49			107.81 m (353.7 ft)	+  .40 m since Fall 2008
Long Arm			107.66 m (353.2 ft)	+  .19 m since Fall 2007
Screamer			107.59 m (352.9 ft)		New Window
Fusion Hollow		107.52 m (352.8 ft)	+  .11 m since Fall 2007
Tenedor			106.44 m (349.2 ft)	-  .18 m since Fall 2007

Clearly the trend here is upward with some rates at .31 meter (1 ft) or more per year.


Crannell Giant Was A Coast Redwood Larger Than Any Giant Sequoia

It should be noted that the massive redwood tree documented on Little River Redwood Company land in 1926 was one of the largest trees by volume ever recorded for any species of tree. It grew along the banks of Maple Creek, which empties into Big Lagoon. This tree dubbed, "Crannell Giant", was also known as the "Maple Creek Tree" and also the "Captain Elam Tree" See... ( Fortunately, very high quality photographs of this tree still exist today. I have personally seen them at the Blue Lake Museum in Blue Lake California, featuring a nearly 1/3 trunk view (with people for scale). The photograph appears to be from far away so there is little distortion. Just as the Lumberman Magazine reports, the photograph in the Blue Lake Museum shows a tree with virtually NO a giant parthanon column. I will soon travel to the museum to photograph the photograph with digital camera and post on this website. Also, a cookie of this tree makes up the entire northern wall of the "One Log tree House" tourist attraction on Broadway Street in Eureka California. A sign below the cross-cut details its origination as being from the Maple Creek Tree and the Crannell area. Here is a partial list of height/diameters taken by Little River Redwood Company surveyors in 1926. This information is from Lumberman Magazine, October 1926, page 109. A complete writeup up this behemoth redwood along with a photograph will be featured in the March 2010 newletter.

	(outside bark)
HT(ft)	DIAM(ft)	VOLUME(ft)	
0	21.5		1730		
5	20.47		5300.8
21.4	20.1		5106.3
37.8	19.72		4915.4	
54.2	19.35		4728.2
70.6	18.97		4544.6
87	18.6		4364.6
103.4	18.22		4188.3
119.8	17.84		3910.1
136.2	17.0		3660.6
152.6	16.72		3478.7
169	16.15		3245.2
185.4	15.59		3018.9
201.8	15.03		2872.2
218.2	14.84		2695
234.6	14.09		3813.6
308	0		0

Total Volume =		61,573 ft

In the 1926 Lumberman article, the inside the bark measurements were also approximated along with a merchantable timber estimate of 30,133 ft or 361,166 board feet. Numerous publications incorrectly list the merchantable board feet of the Maple Creek Tree (AKA Crannell Giant, AKA Captain Elam Tree) as being the total gross volume. In "Silvical Characteristics of Redwood" by Douglass Roy, 1966 and also a United States Agriculture publication #295 from 1938, an incorrect comparison of General Sherman and Maple Creek Trees are given with General Sherman having over 600,000 bd ft of lumber vs. only 361,366 for Maple Creek Tree. Apples are being compared to oranges here because the figure for Maple Creek tree only represents the merchantable timber which is typically only 1/2 the gross volume of a redwood or even less. The true Gross volume for Maple Creek Tree was at a minimum 61,573 or 738,876 board ft. of gross trunk volume...about 25% larger than General Sherman. Sadly this tree was logged shortly after WW-II. This volume also does not include any trunk above 234'. The original volume of Crannell Giant..AKA Maple Creek Tree could easily have been 70,000 cubic feet, but for docmentation purposes the Tall Trees Club records the total volume of 61,573 ft as a minimum figure. The lack of height/diameter data above 234.6' could easily be explained by a broken top with a small leader growing another 73 feet upward. This type of crown morphology is extremely common in large broken top redwoods such as Terrex Titan, Big Tree, Giant Tree and many others.

Online References About The Crannell Giant (AKA Maple Creek Tree & Captain Elam Tree):

The Maple Creek Tree was the original AFA champion coast redwood (sequoia sempervirens), listed all the way into the late 1940's as the biggest redwood but grossly underestimated in volume by listing the confusing "merchantable timber term". Perhaps this slighting of the Maple Creek Tree's volume was intentional ? Too bad at least 4 books published around WW-II incorrectly list this tree as being less than 1/2 it's true volumetric size, especially when compared to General Sherman.

Despite these gargantuan proportions reported for the Maple Creek Tree, there may have been even larger Coast Redwoods grew not far away. One tree along Lindsay Creek in Fieldbrook, dubbed "Lindsay Creek Tree", was described in a Humboldt Times Standard article from 1905 (copy of article to be posted in March newsletter), was supposed to have been so large it could not be felled with an axe or saw. It was left standing by Vance Logging Company, but later fell over by 1905 and was to be photographed and logged. The diameter of this enormous redwood was said to be 19 ft at 130 ft off the ground ! And was to yield approximately 535,000 board feet of merchantable timber... The total merchantable yield as well as diameter of 19' at 130' off the ground is significantly larger than the maple creek tree. Total volume of this tree must have been close to 90,000 cubic feet, but there is no way to prove this. The newspapers described the exact location and states that the fallen giant will soon be photographed. I have not been able to locate a photograph of this tree so far but there probably is a photograph of the fallen giant somewhere. I see no reason for a hoax as it was the offical newspaper of the region and it gave specific directions for all to see the tree before it was processed for milling.

Another giant redwood that was standing as of 1914 near Eureka was 26 feet in diameter at 7' off the ground and said to be 261' to the first branch, where the tree was still 11' in diameter. Total merchantable yield for this tree, dubbed "Eureka Tree" was said to be 344,000 board feet, but surely the gross trunk volume was much larger, probably comparable to the Maple Creek Tree. This is from Humboldt Record (October 25, 1914, page 40). "A redwood tree near Eureka California, was 380 feet high, 26 feet in diameter seven feet from the ground, 261 feet to the first limb, where the diameter was 11 feet, and scaled more than 344,000 board feet (merchantable). Another account of this tree was in the Lumberman Magazine from about the same time frame as the Humboldt Recorder. It reads as follows: News item about a tree to be felled: 380 ft. in height, 26 ft. in diameter, 7 feet above the ground. Scales 334,000 ft.:50% to sell at #35 M [M = 1000], 30% at $18, the remainder at $8. Total value at more than $9000. Today, this lumber in this tree alone would be worth over $10 million. The diameters at 7' and 261' above ground, as well as the merchantable timber estimates hint towards this being significantly bigger than General Sherman by trunk volume.

Another tantalizing account again comes from the Daily Humboldt Times, July 24, 1911 titled " Blue Lake People Eager to Save World's Giant - Forest King Faces Death ". The article reads as follows: "Blue Lake, July 24 - Many people of this locality are much exercized over the near destruction of one of the greatest redwood trees in Humboldt County - Or in the world for that matter. A few weeks, so woodsman report, will see the wonderful Big Tree of Canyon Creek felled like any common redwood. This remarkable tree is estimated to be 30 feet in diameter and 300 feet high. It stands several hundred yards back from the country road above the bridge and the choppers are now nearing the ancient and towering redwood.

There has been some talk in starting a movement to try and induce the owners, the Northern Redwood Lumber Company to save this big tree as sort of landmark. It grows in so protected a situation that it is believed it would stand for the next couple of centuries without being blown over. Now that the Standard for years has been backing the Redwood Park movement and adising Humboldt County to save, at any cost, a representative grove o noble redwoods for the use and enjoyment of future generations, why not advocate saving at least one of these noble redwoods, the biggest redwood tree in the world as an object of perpetual interest.

It seems to me the Northern Redwood Company would make quite a popular move if it saved this noble tree. It would be a splendid natural wonder worth a trip to see. People could leave Korbel in an auto in the morning and go see the biggest of the redwood trees and then return in time for dinner. Most counties in California are careful to preserve their natural curiosities and wonders. They are even accused of fixing them up for the occasion, sometimes. Hre in Humboldt, Nature has done everything. Then why not preserve at least some of her handwork ? ".

While interesting, there is no way to know just how big this Canyon Creek tree really was. In the case of the 1926 logging report from Lumberman Magazine, we have some of the is the best evidence to date that coast redwood (sequoia sempervirens) was the largest living thing on Earth and exceeded even the Giant Sequoia (sequioadendron giganteum) in total size.


New Tall Redwood Re-Measurements

Chris Atkins reports the following redwoods were re-measured in the last few days. The chart below also includes growth rate since last measurement. A map of this general area with approximate tree positions is posted in the 01/10/2010 update

Mother & Daughter	111.76 m (366.67 ft)	+  .37 m since 9/2007
Alice Rhodes		111.70 m (366.46 ft)	+  .18 m since 9/2007
Floodmark		109.30 m (358.59 ft)	-  .01 m since 10/2007
Barricade		109.19 m (358.20 ft)	+ 2.05 m since 03/2000
Arrowhead		108.80 m (356.95 ft)	+  .28 m since 9/2007
Tree#141			108.31 m (355.34 ft)	+  .80 m since 9/2007
Obelisk			108.15 m (354.82 ft)	+  .28 m since 9/2007
U4			107.95 m (354.16 ft)	+  .28 m since 9/2007
Roadside Pitchfork	107.31 m (352.06 ft)	+  .03 m since 9/2007


Tall Redwoods In A New Place

I stoppped by Richardson Grove State Park on the Mendocino/Humboldt County border yesterday to look for tall redwoods. About 15 years ago, a volunteer working at the Richardson Grove visitor center mentioned a tall trees list he saw some 3 decades prior, compiled by the late Dr. Paul Zahl. National Geographic Magainze chronicled Zahl's discovery of the new tallest trees along Redwood Creek in their July 1964 issue. The last tree on Zahl's list was a specimen from Richardson Grove SP and dubbed "9th Tallest Tree", height- 340 ft (103.6 m). In 1st place was newly discovered "Tallest Tree", 2nd was Harry Cole, 3rd was "3rd Tallest Tree" AKA "National Geographic Society Tree" AKA "Nugget", 4th place was the Dyerville Giant - 361 ft(110 m) but really it was 368 ft -369 ft (112.2 m - 112.5 m) at the time, 5th place was the Rockefeller Tree AKA "Jerry Partain Tree" AKA "Tall Tree", then followed by "6th Tallest Tree" from Redwood National Park. The 7th tallest on Zahl's list was Founders Tree, then Giant Tree. The volunteer at the visitor center (who's name I do not remember) said the "9th Tallest Tree" is also known as the "Outhouse Tree" because it grows 10' away from the outhouse behind the lodge. I measured this huge, broadtop tree with a laser and got 337' (102.8 m). Perhaps I was too close to the tree and missed the top, or possibly the tree lost height. I noticed a medium sized redwood growing within a cut-out portion of the open deck area on the north side of the lodge. This tree which was only about 30 feet away from the "Outhouse Tree" had a more spindly and thrifty top. This tree, dubbed "Deck Tree" also measured in at 337 ft (102.8 m). About 5 years later I scrambled up the adjacent hillside for an overlook to see which trees were tallest. I used a laser to survey the entire grove from my hillside view and concluded the "Outhouse Tree" and the "Deck Tree" were both the tallest in the grove and their tops were level with each other. I re-measured the two trees geting about 339 ft (103.3 m) for both. Clearly these tree were growing.

Yesterday I remeasured the Outhouse Tree and the Deck Trees at 342.5 ft (104.4 m) each. Their ground level is about the same, but the Deck Tree is surrounded by a large pile of trapped detritus, which makes the ground level appear higher. I removed a small section of this loose debris to expose the true ground level and it is consistent with the ground level on the outside of the deck. The cut-off threshold on the tallest redwoods list includes 340'+ trees which are quite rare. However in the case of Humboldt Redwoods SP, there are just so many 340'-348 (103.9 m - 106m ) trees and too little time to measure them all with tripod surveys unless they are at least within striking range of 350' (107.6 m). I can take an educated guess and conclude there are at least 300 redwoods over 340' in the entire Humboldt Redwoods State Park complex, possibly even more. For all the other parks, 340' are uncommon to extremely rare so they are included.

Two other nearby trees that grow right off Highway-101 are in the high 330's and have huge columnar trunks. Sadly Caltrans intends to cut these 1000 year old trees down in order to widen the highway for safety purposes. Apparently speeding motorists keep plowing into the big trees, with the winner always being the redwood. I think a better idea would be to post a 30 mph speed limit through the grove and hire a full time radar cop to enforce. The ancient trees would be saved and huge revenue could be generated from all the leadfoots that travel through the area and endanger other's lives.

Left: The tallest trees of Richardson SP grow within the visitor center complex. Right Center and Far Right: Overlook views of Richardson SP, showing the pair of 342.5' (104.4 m) redwoods approximately in center of picture. Note: Other tops in the periphery appear taller only because they are futher back and overlook view is above level.


Update From Tasmania

Brett Mifsud & Tom Greenwood have returned from Tasmania, where they were searching for champion trees. One tree in particular, a eucalytpus regnans, was estimated by Forestry Tasmania scientists at 93m tall using a helicopter based laser. Tom & Brett climbed this tree and measured it directly with a tapeline at 95.92 m (314.7 ft) above the average ground level. Mifsud reports "the dead top is 4-5 inches thick at this point, and heading up". Original height of this tree, dubbed "Firebird Wonder", could easily have been 100m (328 ft) or more. Tom & Brett also climbed Rullah Longatyle (formerly known as Grieving Giant), the largest known living hardwood on earth. This tree is e. globulus, not the generally regarded to be larger e. regnans. During their exploration of the Rullah Longatyle area, they wandered by a huge fallen tree with a basal diameter of 7.2m (23.6 ft). It was the opinion of Tom and Brett that this tree had a larger trunk than even Rullah Longatyle. It would haven been the largest eucalytpus and hardwood by volume before it fell. I will post more details about this fallen giant as they come in. I do not know if this tree is globulus or a regnans.

Left & center is "Rullah Longatyle", largest eucalyptus by volume. Far right is "Firebird Wonder", 4th tallest known hardwood on Earth

(Photographs by Brett Mifsud)


Tallest Redwoods Update

The following trees have recently been re-measured by Chris Atkins with ground based Impulse 200LR laser or Steve Sillett with direct tape drop. Previous height measurement and last year measured with comments are in parenthesis:

Hyperion	115.61 m , 379.3 ft (115.55 m , 379.1 ft - 2008). No vertical change in 2007.
Helios		114.58 m , 375.9 ft (114.48 m , 375.6 ft - 2008) Good supporting base for top leader.
Stratosphere	113.11 m , 371.1 ft (113.05 m, 370.9 ft - 2008). Healthy top with a good supporting base.
Orion		112.63 m , 369.5 ft (112.14 m, 367.9 ft - 2008). Higher central leader discovered in 2009 by Sillett.
Lauralyn		112.61 m , 369.5 ft (unchanged - 2008). Live leader to east is 112.58 m , 369.4'. Highest leader is now dead.
Paradox		112.56 m , 369.3 ft (112.58 m , 369.4 ft - 2008). Top leader damaged bird perching.
Mendocino	112.20 m , 368.1 ft (112.32 m , 368.5 ft - 2007). Austere top of this tree has little supporting base.
Apex		112.00 m , 367.5 ft (111.83 m, 366.9 ft - 2007). Has been the tallest tree in Harper Flat since 199.
Lone Fern	111.47 m , 365.7 ft (unchanged - 2007). Entire upper crown is now dead sticks.
Pyramid Giant	111.47 m , 365.7 ft (110.68 m, 363.2 ft - 2007). Currently in a rapid growth phase, 1'+ per year
Teepee Bell	111.42 m , 365.6 ft (111.43 m , 365.3 ft - 2007)
Rockview		110.24 m , 361.6 ft (110.03 m, 361.0 ft - 2007). This tree grows directly across Bull Creek from Rockefeller.
Gray Poison	110.19 m , 361.5 ft (109.85 m, 360.4 ft - 2007). This redwood is currently in a rapid growth phase.
Jeannie Taller	107.60 m , 353.0 ft (New Top - 2007). Higher central leader recently discovered.

I plan to meet Atkins next week to help him re-measure Rockefeller Tree. Chris last measured this tree in 2007 at 366.0', but views from both Johnson and Luke Prairies to the north suggest he missed the highest leader which grows in the dead center of its broad crown. It may be impossible to actually see this leader from anywhere but a distant hillside view, which is well out of the Impulse 200 LR maxium range. Height of Rockefeller's central leader is probably closer to 367' or even 368'. Due to promiximty to trailhead, picnic area and Albee Creek Campground, Sillett has decided not to climb this tree for the time being, hence a direct tape drop measurement has been ruled out for now. Chris and I will attempt to locate a new window, on the hillside just north of Matole Road, with a view of the central leader . Decades of searching has so far not yielded a single acceptable window with view of this grand redwood's true top. The forest here is extremely dense and the crown of Rockefeller is so broad that views of the central leader have so far eluded us. Hopefully we will successfully locate a new window which will allow us to finally conquer this demon of trees.

The embedded web based Google Earth map below will give you an overview of Rockefeller Tree and also a precise set of GPS coordinates. You can use the screen tools to change the map type from terrain to aerial. You can also pan or zoom in or out to explore the area. Rockefeller Tree is truly one of the most impressive redwoods anywhere. I highly recommend all who read this article to see this tree if they ever get the chance. Discovered by Jerry Partain in the 1950's, Rockefeller Tree is also known as the Jerry Partain Tree. It was measured by Partain and timber surveyors at 359' where it briefly held the title for world's tallest tree after Founders Tree lost its top to lightning. Rockefeller has the classic tall tree profile which is very high to the first branch and a trunk that looks like a giant parthanon column. The volume of this tree is probably over 20,000 cubic feet. I will update this section about Rockefeller Tree's re-measurement in a few weeks. MT


Another One Bites The Dust

A viewer of this website and tall tree researcher informed me the largest yellow cedar in British Coloumbia, Sargeant RandAlly, fell over recently. This tree was featured in Robert Van Pelt's book, Forest Giants of the Pacific Coast.

The begining of the article reads as follows. "The World's Largest Yellow Cedar stood tall for centuries, a giant among B.C.'s largest trees. Sargeant RandAlly after Randall Dayton and Ally Gibson, the two forestry engineers who discovered it in 1993, the world champion tree boasts impressive statistics; Height 61m (200 ft), Circumference 13.08m (42ft.11in), Diameter 4.16m (13.7ft), Crown Spread 16m (52.5ft), and Stem Volume 175 cubic meters (6,200 cu. ft). Shortly before the opening of the St. RandAlly recreational site, the Alaskan yellow cedar, succumbed to old age. The demise of the 2,000-year-old tree shocked supporters, who had worked to keep it safe and had viewing platforms constructed around it. But they are looking on the bright side, saying the sights of the massive tree on its side on the forest floor gives an even better view of its size."

Another giant tree, the Klootchy Creek Spruce, Clatsop County, Oregon, also fell over recently. It was Oregon's largest known tree by volume and it was also featured in Robert Van Pelt's Forest Giants of the Pacific Coast. It was one of only a handful of sitka spruce with a trunk volume over 10,000 ft (284 m). Age was estimated at 750 before it fell.


More Tall LIDAR Trees To Report

Chris Atkins reports that in the last 2 weeks he and Mario Vaden located and re-measured more trees on the "LIDAR hit list" in Redwood National, Jedediah Smith and Prairie Creek Redwoods State Park's. These new measurements have been added to the archive and are as follows:

Redwood National Park: T7-363 ft (110.63 m), T17-345.4 ft (105.3 m)

Prairie Creek: TT11- 355.3 (108.3m), Unnamed Tree - 346' - grows 150 ft East of TT11

Jedediah Smith Redwoods: JS-6 (AKA "Glass Castle") - 353.6 (107.9 m)

The height figure for T7 was a tripod Impulse 200LR re-measurement. The earlier 109m figure was based on a handheld laser preliminary measurement, which is usually conservative. The LIDAR "hit list" estimated T17 at 109.9m, but the tree was leaning over a ravine, thus fooling the LIDAR algorithm into placing the ground level 4.5m below the actual trunk of the tree. The LIDAR is generally quite accurate and usually even a little conservative as it bounces off the tops of the ferns and huckleberry rather than penetrating to the actual ground. Except in the case where the tree crown leans over a slope, the LIDAR algorithm does a great job identifying the tallest trees. Nevertheless, a survey crew is needed for the precision accuracy required for scientific research and therefore must inspect each LIDAR hit tree and measure it accurately.


Ol' Jed Is Dead, New Species Joins 80m Club

Chris Atkins, Mario Vaden and Steve Sillett recently bushwhacked deep into the interior of Jedediah Smith Redwoods State Park in search of tall trees. During their journey they paid Ol' Jed a visit. Ol' Jed is the only known 10,000+ cubic foot douglas in California. Sadly this tree is now a ghost tree as it is completely dead with not a single living needle. On the same day, the three explorers found measured a redwood over 353' tall, one of the few known 350'+ class trees for the park. The tree is dubbed "JS2" on the tall tree list. Nearby the trio found a very tall port orford cedar and got a preliminary handheld Impulse 200 LR measurement of 81m, 265'. This is now the tallest ever recorded port orford and the newest member of the 80m club. On the way out, the trio found another tall redwood that is likely the tallest redwood in the park, even beating 356' New Hope. Their preliminary laser measurment was 358.3' ft and is probably conservative as most preliminary measurements tend to be. This tree is dubbed JS7 on the tall trees list.


2nd & 3rd Largest Ponderosa Pines In Trinity County Now Dead.

The 3rd largest recorded ponderosa pine in Trinity County, dubbed "Forest Glen Giant", lost its long battle with bark beetles last Summer. This 8.2' dbh monster has been dying back for years with noticeable rot forming all over the trunk. It is over 228' tall and has 4,150 cubic feet of wood volume. For those who want to see the tree before it falls over, take Highway-14 North from I-36 near Forest Glen. 1/4 miles from Little Bear Wallow Meadow turnout is a 300 acre fenced in flat area of private property. A few hundred feet on the other side of Highway-14 from the fenced in area is a small meadow that can be seen through the trees. Park here and walk through the meadow into a magnificent grove of pines. Two ponderosa here are nearly 7' dbh and in the center of the grove is a lone sentinel "Forest Glen Giant" that once stood head and shoulders above the rest; clearly of an even older age class than the large ponderosa nearby. Even as a dead tree it is one of the most impressive trees in Trinity. An even bigger ponderosa pine grew below the "Clark's Loop" off Highway-60 Trinity County in a small meadow as reported to me by Stan Wilheime. He said the logging crew he worked with back in the late 1970's left this tree alone due to it having noticeable rot. He thought it was the largest pine tree he ever saw in Trinity, past or present. I successfully relocated this tree and sadly I am sad to report that it fell over in the recent past. Old decaying cone samples under the trunk confirm ponderosa, not jeffrey pine, its close relative. Even without the bark and cambium, this prostrate giant is over 8' diameter at breat height and 4,000 ft of wood volume. I used tape wraps to estimate diameters are various intervals and I estiamte a volume of 4,650 cubic feet after I adding in 2" for the missing lower bark (0-50'), 1.5" thick for midsection (50'-100') and 1" for the missing upper bark (100'-195'). I feel these bark thickness estimates are conservative this behemoth ponderosa as I have seen bark up to 1 feet thick near the base on nearby old growth ponderosa. The dbh of "Clark's Giant" with bark included was most most likely closer to 9' but the remaining bark at the base is only 2" thick. Large, old ponderosa bark generally sluffs in layers after dying and only after a few decades does the actual hardwood layer become exposed. I intend to take a 36" core sample if I get manage to borrow an increment bore from somebody. This tree is probably ancient for the species as it is so much larger than any other pine in the area. This tree approaches La Pine Giant (the fattest known ponderosa at 9.1 dbh) in diameter and exceeds it in total wood volume. Both dead monarchs of Trinity ( i.e. Clark's Creek Giant & Forest Glen Giant) are peppered with what appear to be thousands of beetle larvae entry holes. Nearly all of the biggest, oldest and loftiest pines of Trinity now have bark beetle infestation, including Lovitt Pine & Wild Mad Giant in upper Hayfork Creek. The top of the champion ponderosa also died and flopped over in the last 2 years reducing its height from 240' to 237'.

"Clark's Creek Giant", 2rd largest ponderosa pine, shredded by bark beetles. Click icon to launch application in Google Earth or wait for the embedded Google maps to load. You can explore the area using the map's interactive control panel.

"Forest Glen Monarch", 4th largest ponderosa pine on Earth, recently butchered by bark beetles.

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